In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
IVF is often the right route to take when a couple is dealing with:
- Tubal disease
- Ovulation disorders
- Male factor infertility
- Unexplained infertility
The Steps of IVF
While the concept of IVF is simple enough, the procedure itself requires high levels of expertise in all of its many stages. Led by Dr. Fisch, Green Valley Fertility serves Las Vegas and Henderson with the highest level of in vitro fertilization care.
1. Ovulation Stimulation
The woman is first stimulated with medication so that several eggs grow within the ovary. The medication comes via daily injection for about 10 days.
2. Oocyte Retrieval
The woman is then sedated and a sonogram-guided needle is used to collect the eggs through the vagina. Typically about 15 eggs are collected.
The eggs are then mixed or injected with the partner’s sperm. This fertilization must take place under very specific conditions. Technical instruments, incubators, airflow machines and air filters are all used to create this special environment. Most of the eggs retrieved will become fertilized. Incubation lasts for 3 to 5 days.
4. Embryo Evaluation
The embryos are evaluated based on their development and any flaws the embryologist may see. Both patients and doctor will decide how many embryos to transfer to the uterus. More embryos may mean a higher probability of success, but also the higher probability of twins. Usually one to three will be transferred.
5. Transfer of the Embryo
Using ultrasound guidance, the embryos are transferred through the cervix into the uterus. The procedure is not painful. Spare embryos can be saved with what is called cryopreservation, for the possibility of future treatments.
6. Monitor for Implantation
A transferred embryo, if the procedure is successful, will implant itself, and produce a hormone that can be monitored in the blood stream. This detection marks the beginning of gestation.
Frequently Asked Questions
How much does IVF cost?
In vitro fertilization treatment must be customized according to the couple, therefore the costs vary. Furthermore, some people require more than one cycle, which can increase the costs as well. Consult with our medical team to learn more about the costs of your particular treatment, if it is needed.
Learn about IVF financing options
Why would I do a second cycle if the one didn't work?
Our fertility specialists will monitor the quality of the embryos that are developing and the receptivity of your uterus to be able to determine if another round of IVF is the right thing to do after one failed implantation.
Are there risks with IVF?
Side effects and complications are rare. In few cases, infection can occur. Pain and nausea may need to be treated with medication during the procedure. Another risk is that with IVF, the chance that you have twins is much higher.
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