Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
This method of getting sperm into the uterus is meant to increase the chances of fertilization, as it bypasses some the hurdles faced by sperm in a natural reproductive scenario.
- The sperm don’t have to swim as far
- The sperm are able to bypass natural barriers in the vagina and cervix
For reproduction to occur, sperm must make it to the upper reproductive tract. But in natural intercourse, many sperm never make it this far, because of natural barriers they encounter beforehand.
What Does the IUI Procedure Involve?
The woman will generally take some ovulation-stimulating drugs. Intrauterine insemination only takes a few minutes to complete. Usually, no pain is involved, though mild discomfort may be felt.
The sperm used can either be from the husband or a donor. The sperm is washed before injection, which can remove harmful chemicals. The motile sperm is also separated from the ejaculate.
Often, more than one IUI cycle is needed.
What Type of Infertility Problems Need IUI?
IUI is often used when the infertility is unexplained, or if there is suspected male factor infertility, such as decreased sperm concentration or decreased sperm motility. It is also commonly recommended if the woman is having cervical mucus problems.
Before IUI is decided upon, the woman should be evaluated for hormone imbalance, structural issues in the reproductive system and infection.
It is important that both the male and female are aware of their responsibilities during this procedure.
What If It Doesn’t Work?
As with most fertility treatments, there isn’t a hundred percent chance that IUI will result in a pregnancy, even after multiple cycles. After multiple cycles are completed, we’ll consult with you on the potential complications, and what the new approach might need to involve to help you become pregnant.
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